Grain Processing EOOD offers all classic types of legumes such as beans, soybeans, peas, lentils and chickpeas. Legumes contain valuable plant proteins, trace elements, dietary fibre and carbohydrates. They do not contain cholesterol and unhealthy fats while at the same time they are a serious energy source, which makes them a mandatory part of a modern balanced diet. According to the respective agricultural species, they are used as human food, fodder, seedlings, grain, fertilisation, etc. Legumes also have an industrial application in the economy, including the production of oils. They are the third largest and most diverse plant family in the world, with over 700 genera and nearly 20,000 plant species.
French beans are traditionally grown in Bulgaria from quality varieties with a very good taste. The official variety list of the country includes the following French bean varieties: Nikos, Pukliv dve, Gina, Kierion and Palanachki tetovac. Among the classic legumes in Bulgaria is the lentil. Its nutritional and taste qualities are as valuable as those of the beans. Among some of the popular quality varieties that are grown in the country are the varieties Ilina and Elitsa. The varieties of peas that are grown in Bulgaria are among the most diverse compared to other legumes and are mainly used as fodder. Such field pea varieties are Vesela, Mir, Pikardi, Amitie, Tedi, etc. The pea varieties grown in our country are Marsi and Ran 1.
Oilseeds also play a key role in the diet of the population – sunflower, peanuts, sesame and rape. More than 70 per cent of the fats used by humans are of plant origin. In this respect, the most important oilseed is the sunflower. High-oil content sunflower varieties are grown in Bulgaria. The most important region in Bulgaria for sunflower production is the Danube plain, where ¾ of this oilseed crop is harvested. The north-east part of the Danube plain is particularly suitable for growing sunflower.
Bulgaria enjoys ecologically clean and fertile soils. Nearly 50 per cent of the country’s territory is agricultural land, while cereals grow on more than half of the arable land. The country has long-established traditions and producers in the cultivation of cereals that meet the world and European standards for high quality. It is no coincidence that the exports of wheat and a mixture of rye and wheat have been constantly increasing in recent years, reaching about 1/5 of the total exports of the country and 1/3 of the total exports of agricultural products. Leading types of cereals are soft wheat, durum wheat, barley and maize. In terms of soft wheat exports, Bulgaria ranks 11th in the world. Grain Processing trades in all types of cereals.
Due to its useful composition, antioxidant properties and lack of gluten, the so-called healthy foods such as chia, einkorn wheat, buckwheat, etc. are becoming more and more popular. The favourable climatic and soil conditions in Bulgaria allow their cultivation in the country. Chia seeds also contain a large amount of omega 3 fatty acids and are a powerful antioxidant. The areas for growing einkorn wheat, known for its low gluten content (less than 2 per cent), are constantly increasing in the country. Buckwheat, which can be also grown as a second crop, is very suitable for Bulgaria, too. The high content of magnesium, potassium, calcium and iron makes this crop increasingly popular among Bulgarian producers and consumers.